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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1995 Nov 10;323(2):313-22.

Early increase in choline kinase activity upon induction of the H-ras oncogene in mouse fibroblast cell lines.

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1
Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109-0606, USA.

Abstract

The effects of expression of the H-ras oncogene on phosphatidylcholine metabolism were examined in C3H10T1/2 and NIH3T3 cells expressing ras constitutively or under the control of inducible promoters. Cell lines expressing ras under the control of the mouse metallothionein promoter and the Escherichia coli lac operator/repressor system and an NIH3T3 cell line stably transfected with the ras oncogene were studied. Phosphocholine levels were elevated in the cells constitutively expressing ras and were increased 4-6 h upon induction in the inducible cell lines. Glycerophosphocholine, which is elevated five- to sixfold in constitutively transfected ras cells, did not increase at early times of induction, suggesting the absence of increased phosphatidylcholine degradation via a phospholipase A. Choline kinase activity increased within 4-6 h upon induction and correlated well with the increase in phosphocholine levels. This increase in phosphocholine levels could be prevented by the addition of hemicholinium-3, a competitive inhibitor of choline kinase. Expression of activated c-raf or v-raf also increased choline kinase activity, suggesting that the induction of choline kinase by ras is downstream of the ras/raf interaction. Long-term and short-term labeling experiments failed to detect evidence for increased phospholipase C activity. These results suggest that the increase in choline kinase activity observed in cells expressing ras is an early, integral part of ras transformation and is the main contributor to increased phosphocholine levels accompanying morphological changes.

PMID:
7487093
DOI:
10.1006/abbi.1995.9959
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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