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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1995 Nov 10;323(2):288-94.

The expression of an intestinal form of glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx-GI) in rat intestinal epithelium.

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Department of Medical Oncology and Therapeutics Research, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California 91010, USA.


We have previously identified and characterized GSHPx-GI, which is a cellular selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) distinct from the classic GSHPx-1 and phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPX). We have determined the level of GSHPx-GI mRNA expression in the rat gastrointestinal tract from esophagus to colon. Although GSHPx-GI mRNA is readily detectable throughout the GI tract, the highest level is detected in the ileum and cecum. We have also determined the levels of GSHPx-GI mRNA expression and several antioxidant enzyme activities along the villus-to-crypt axis in the rat small intestine by cell fractionation. GSHPx-GI mRNA is present at a similar level in all of the epithelial fractions, whereas GSHPx-1 mRNA is detectable only in the remnant. This suggests that GSHPx-GI is the major cellular tetrameric GSHPx expressed in intestinal epithelium, and the expression of GSHPx-GI in the GI tract is not likely regulated differentially through maturation of epithelial cells. In terms of enzymatic activity, although we detected lower glutathione S-transferase activity in the crypt epithelium, there was a marginal increase of PHGPX activity, a twofold increase of GSHPx activity, and a three- to fivefold increase of catalase activity in the crypt relative to the distal villus. Thus, the crypt epithelial cells may be better protected from peroxidative damage.

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