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Ann Neurol. 1995 Nov;38(5):778-87.

Depth electrode studies and intracellular dentate granule cell recordings in temporal lobe epilepsy.

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Section of Neurosurgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.


Hippocampal depth electrodes are often used to localize seizure onset in patients who may have temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). A number of features of the spontaneous seizures and of their ictal onset patterns can be analyzed from these recordings. We compared a number of the typical electroencephalographic (EEG) changes at seizure onset with several cellular parameters recorded in dentate granule cells from the same 14 patients diagnosed with medial temporal sclerosis (MTS) to examine the pathophysiological correlates of this spontaneous EEG activity in this form of TLE. The intracellularly recorded parameters include the propensity to fire evoked epileptiform bursts, the absence of evoked inhibitory potentials, the presence of polysynaptic excitatory postsynaptic potentials, and the presence of spontaneous excitatory activity. We noted several correlations between the EEG data and the intracellular recordings. The absence of synaptically evoked bursts was correlated with the presence of low-voltage fast activity at seizure onset. In addition, the loss of inhibitory postsynaptic potentials was correlated with the presence of periodic spiking pre-ictally. Several other correlations were also noted. These data indicate that EEG findings may be predictive of anatomical and cellular pathological changes and provide clues to the physiological mechanisms involved in this form of epilepsy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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