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Am J Pathol. 1995 Nov;147(5):1318-29.

Regulation of fibrin deposition by malignant mesothelioma.

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Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Tyler 75710, USA.


Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a locally aggressive tumor that spreads by poorly understood mechanisms. Because neoplastic spread has been linked to altered fibrin turnover, we used immunohistochemistry of nine MM and three fibrous tumors of the pleura to confirm in vivo fibrin deposition and expression of selected coagulation and fibrinolytic reactants in MM. Tumor-associated fibrin was readily detectable at site of tissue invasion. Little fibrin was distributed within the tumor, but tissue factor and tissue factor pathway inhibitor, urokinase, urokinase receptor, and plasminogen activator inhibitors 1 and 2 were all detected in either epithelioid or sarcomatous areas of MM. We used the MS-1 human pleural mesothelioma cell line to determine how expression of these reactants is regulated. Fibrinolytic activity of MS-1 is mainly due to urokinase and is responsive to cytokine stimulation. Functional extrinsic activation and prothrombinase complexes assemble at the cell surface. MM express procoagulants as well as fibrinolytic reactants in vivo and in vitro that promote local fibrin formation and remodeling. Fibrin deposition occurs primarily at areas of tissue invasion and could promote local extension of this neoplasm. Sparsity of fibrin within the central portions of the tumor stroma suggests that local resorption of transitional fibrin occurs at sites of established MM.

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