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Am J Clin Nutr. 1995 Nov;62(5 Suppl):1158S-1160S. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/62.5.1158S.

Contribution of fiber and resistant starch to metabolizable energy.

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Diet and Human Performance Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, US Department of Agriculture, MD 20705, USA.


Recommendations made to increase complex carbohydrate and fiber intake in the United States may result in energy loss from increased fecal losses of starch, protein, and fat. The type of fiber or starch and the amount consumed affect digestion of the carbohydrate and interactions with other nutrients. On average, 8.4 kJ (2 kcal) digestible energy/g is available from up to 70 g poorly digested carbohydrate/d. Undigested fiber and starch are important substrates for colon bacteria and are fermented to short-chain fatty acids, hydrogen, and methane. Hydrogen and methane excreted through the lungs have been used as indicators of colonic fermentation. Fermentation appears to contribute significant digestible energy when > 20 g poorly digested carbohydrate/d is consumed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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