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Vaccine. 1995 Apr;13(6):581-91.

Two novel T cell epitope prediction algorithms based on MHC-binding motifs; comparison of predicted and published epitopes from Mycobacterium tuberculosis and HIV protein sequences.

Author information

1
TB/HIV Research Laboratory, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA.

Abstract

We have designed two computer-based algorithms for T cell epitope prediction, OptiMer and EpiMer, which incorporate current knowledge of MHC-binding motifs. OptiMer locates amphipathic segments of protein antigens with a high density of MHC-binding motifs. EpiMer identifies peptides with a high density of MHC-binding motifs alone. These algorithms exploit the striking tendency for MHC-binding motifs to cluster within short segments of each protein. Putative epitopes predicted by these algorithms contain motifs corresponding to many different MHC alleles, and may contain both class I and class II motifs, features thought to be ideal for the peptide components of synthetic subunit vaccines. In this study, we describe the use of OptiMer and EpiMer for the prediction of putative T cell epitopes from Mycobacterium tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus protein antigens, and demonstrate that these two algorithms may provide sensitive and efficient means for the prediction of promiscuous T cell epitopes that may be critical to the development of vaccines against these and other pathogens.

PMID:
7483779
DOI:
10.1016/0264-410x(94)00014-e
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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