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Trends Neurosci. 1995 Sep;18(9):408-17.

The organization of neocortex in mammals: are species differences really so different?

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Dept of Psychology, University of California, USA.


By examining a variety of mammals, it is possible to determine common features of cortical organization, and from these infer homologies across species. Such analysis also enables differences in the organization of the neocortex to be identified. Species differ in the amount of cortex that is devoted to a particular sensory system, in the size and configuration of a cortical field, in the number of cortical fields, and in the pattern of connections of homologous fields. It is suggested that the plan of organization that is retained is the result of homologous developmental events, and that modifications to this plan are generated by a limited set of mechanisms. These types of changes to the common network might account for the sensory and behavioural diversity that is observed in extant mammals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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