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Toxicol Lett. 1995 Oct;80(1-3):29-33.

Effect of atropine on cyanide-induced acute lethality in mice.

Author information

1
Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Abstract

The effects of atropine on acute lethality induced by cyanide were investigated in mice. The LD50 value of cyanide (s.c. injection) was 8.4 (7.6-9.3) mg/kg. However, the LD50 value of cyanide (s.c.) was significantly increased by 1.5-fold when atropine (32 mg/kg) was injected s.c. in mice. Furthermore, the combined administration of atropine (32 mg/kg), Ca2+ (500 mg/kg) and sodium thiosulfate (1 g/kg) tremendously increased the LD50 value by 5.6-fold in mice although sodium thiosulfate or Ca2+ alone increased the LD50 2.5- or 1.5-fold. On the other hand, although the LD50 value of cyanide (intracerebroventricular injection (i.v.t.)) was 52.0 (47.4-57.0) micrograms/brain, the LD50 value of cyanide (i.v.t.) was significantly increased by 1.3- or 1.61-fold in mice 10 min after s.c. injection of atropine (32 mg/kg) or Ca2+ (500 mg/kg). Furthermore, the combined administration of atropine and Ca2+ increased the LD50 value of cyanide by 2.1-fold. These results suggest that atropine inhibits cyanide-induced acute lethality and promotes the antagonistic effect of thiosulfate and Ca2+ in mice.

PMID:
7482588
DOI:
10.1016/0378-4274(95)03260-r
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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