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Radiology. 1995 Dec;197(3):699-704.

Radiologic, endoscopic, and surgical gastrostomy: an institutional evaluation and meta-analysis of the literature.

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Department of Radiology, University of California San Diego Medical Center 92103-8756, USA.



To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of radiologic, percutaneous endoscopic (PEG), and surgical gastrostomy.


This project involved 5,752 patients (837 patients underwent radiologic gastrotomy; 4,194, PEG; and 721, surgical gastrostomy). Seventy-two (47 male, 25 female; age range, 12-94 years) underwent gastrostomy within 1 year in this series (radiologic gastrostomy, n = 33; PEG, n = 35; surgical gastrostomy, n = 4). A meta-analysis of 5,680 additional cases from literature published from 1980 to the present was also performed.


Rates of successful tube placement were higher for radiologic gastrostomy than for PEG in our series and in the meta-analysis (99.2% vs 95.7%, P < .001). Major complications occurred less frequently after radiologic gastrostomy in our series and in the meta-analysis (5.9% vs 9.4% for PEG and 19.9% for surgery, P < .001). Thirty-day procedure-related mortality rates were highest for surgery (2.5% vs 0.3% for radiologic gastrostomy and 0.53% for PEG, P < .001).


Radiologic gastrostomy is associated with a higher success rate than is PEG and less morbidity than either PEG or surgery.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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