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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Nov 7;92(23):10472-6.

Specific and high-affinity binding of inositol phosphates to an isolated pleckstrin homology domain.

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Department of Pharmacology, New York University Medical Center, New York 10016, USA.


Pleckstrin homology (PH) domains are found in many signaling molecules and are thought to be involved in specific intermolecular interactions. Their binding to several proteins and to membranes containing 1-alpha-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2] has been reported. A region that includes the PH domain has also been implicated in binding of phospholipase C-delta 1 (PLC-delta 1) to both PtdIns(4,5)P2 and D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] [Cifuentes, M. E., Delaney, T. & Rebecchi, M. J. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 1945-1948]. We report herein that the isolated PH domain from PLC-delta 1 binds to both PtdIns(4,5)P2 and Ins(1,4,5)P3 with high affinity and shows the same binding specificity seen by others with whole PLC-delta 1. Thus the PH domain is functionally and structurally modular. These results demonstrate stereo-specific high-affinity binding by an isolated PH domain and further support a functional role for PH domains in the regulation of PLC isoforms. Other PH domains did not bind strongly to the compounds tested, suggesting that inositol phosphates and phospholipids are not likely physiological ligands for all PH domains. Nonetheless, since all PH-domain-containing proteins are associated with membrane surfaces, several PH domains bind to specific sites on membranes, and PH domains appear to be electrostatically polarized, a possible general role for PH domains in membrane association is suggested.

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