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Oncogene. 1995 Nov 2;11(9):1913-20.

Interaction between murine germline mutations in p53 and APC predisposes to pancreatic neoplasia but not to increased intestinal malignancy.

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CRC Laboratories, Department of Pathology, University Medical School, Edinburgh, UK.


Murine strains which bear constitutive inactivating mutations of either the APC or the p53 tumor suppressor genes are characterised by spontaneous tumors. APC mutated (Min) mice develop large and small bowel adenomas, a small proportion of which, in time, become malignant. p53 deficient mice develop predominantly lymphoma and sarcoma. By interbreeding these strains we have shown that there is co-operativity between these mutations, leading to a shift in phenotype. Most notably, this was characterised by a range of abnormalities of the exocrine pancreas in 83% of animals heterozygous for the APC mutation and constitutively null for functional p53. Dysplasia and preneoplastic foci were seen in 61% of these animals and pancreatic acinar cell adenocarcinoma in 22%. Analysis of these tumors showed them to have lost the remaining wild-type copy of APC. Similar loss of APC was not associated with the development of other extra-intestinal tumors. Surprisingly, given the proposed role for loss of function mutations of the p53 gene in the development of human colorectal cancer, we have found no evidence for either an increase in the rate of adenoma formation in APC +/-, p53 -/- animals, or an increased rate of progression to malignancy compared with APC +/- p53 +/+ mice. These findings highlight striking tissue-specific differences in the tumor suppressor effects of p53.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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