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Oncogene. 1995 Nov 16;11(10):2145-9.

Homozygous deletion of the MTS1/p16 and MTS2/p15 genes and amplification of the CDK4 gene in glioma.

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Oncogene Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.


Loci on chromosome 9p are frequently deleted in several malignant tumors, suggesting the presence of putative tumor suppressor genes. The MTS1/p16 and MTS2/p15 genes on 9p are considered to be candidates. Binding of p15 and p16 cell cycle-regulatory proteins to the cyclin dependent protein kinase CDK4 inhibits CDK4/cyclin D dependent phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein. We analysed the DNAs from 37 gliomas of several grades of malignancy for allelic loss of chromosome 9p and aberrations of the MTS1/p16 and MTS2/p15 genes. We detected losses of one allele and homozygous deletions at loci, including those of the MTS1/p16 and MTS2/p15 genes, in 10 and 3 tumors, respectively. However, we did not detect any tumor-specific mutation in the two genes. The CDK4 gene was amplified in two malignant gliomas without homozygous deletion of the MTS1/p16 and MTS2/p15 genes and one malignant glioma with an allelic loss of the genes. These data suggest that aberrations of the genes coding for components of the cell cycle-regulatory system occurred in at least 15 of 37 gliomas.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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