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Nephron. 1995;70(3):287-95.

Long-term control of hyperparathyroidism in advanced renal failure by low-phosphorus low-protein diet supplemented with calcium (without changes in plasma calcitriol).

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Service de Néphrologie, Hôpital Pellegrin, Bordeaux, France.


Phosphorus (Pi) retention linked to chronic renal failure (CRF) favors secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). Reduction of Pi and protein intake has been shown to prevent the development of HPT in CRF. The aim of the present study was to assess in patients with advanced CRF the long-term effects on phosphate and calcium metabolism of a low-Pi (5-7 mg/kg/day), low-protein (0.4 g/kg/day) diet providing 300 mg/day calcium (Ca) and supplemented with amino acids and ketoacids, Ca carbonate (400-800 mg/day) and vitamin D2 (1,000 IU/day). Twenty-nine patients with advanced CRF (glomerular filtration rate (GFR) 13.7 +/- 4.5 ml/min) were selected for the study, on the basis of a follow-up of a least 2 years and a satisfactory compliance to the prescribed diet. At the start of the study, biological evidence of HPT was present with increased plasma PTH concentration (144 +/- 95 pg/ml), increased plasma Pi (1.57 +/- 0.33 mmol/l), an increase in alkaline phosphatase activity and plasma osteocalcin concentration. Plasma PTH concentration was positively correlated with plasma Pi and inversely with plasma Ca concentrations and GFR. Pi and protein restriction induced a significant correction of HPT within 3 months after starting the diet. After 2 years of diet, despite the diminution of GFR (11.1 +/- 3.7 ml/min, p < 0.0001), plasma PTH was still lower than at the start of the diet (88 +/- 57 pg/ml, p < 0.01), as was plasma Pi (1.32 +/- 0.24 mmol/l, p < 0.001), total plasma Ca being higher (p < 0.01). Plasma PTH levels were correlated only to plasma Ca concentrations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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