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Mol Gen Genet. 1995 Sep 20;248(5):540-6.

Involvement of two different urf-s related mitochondrial sequences in the molecular evolution of the CMS-specific S-Pcf locus in petunia.

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Department of Plant Genetics, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.


In petunia, a mitochondrial (mt) locus, S-Pcf, has been found to be strongly associated with cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS). The S-Pcf locus consists of three open reading frames (ORF) that are co-transcribed. The first ORF, Pcf, contains parts of the atp9 and coxII genes and an unidentified reading frame, urf-s. The second and third ORFs contain NADH dehydrogenase subunit 3 (nad3) and ribosomal protein S12 (rps12) sequences, respectively. The nad3 and rps12 sequences included in the S-Pcf locus are identical to the corresponding sequences on the mt genome of fertile petunia. In both CMS and fertile petunia, only a single copy of nad3 and rps12 had been detected on the physical map of the main mt genome. The origin of the urf-s sequence and the molecular events leading to the formation of the chimeric S-Pcf locus are not known. This paper presents evidence indicating that two different mt sequences, related to urf-s and found in fertile petunia lines (orf-h and Rf-1), might have been involved in the molecular evolution of the S-Pcf locus. Southern analysis of mtDNA derived from both fertile and sterile petunia plants suggests that one of these urf-s related sequences (showing 100% homology to urf-s and termed orf-h) is located on a sublimon. An additional, low-homology urf-s related sequence (Rf-1) is shown to be located on the main mt genome 5' to the nad3 gene. It is, thus, suggested that the sequence of events leading to the generation of the S-Pcf locus might have involved introduction of the orf-h sequence, via homologous recombination, into the main mt genome 5' to nad3 at the region where the Rf-1 sequence is located.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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