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Metabolism. 1995 Nov;44(11):1502-8.

Weight loss reduces abdominal fat and improves insulin action in middle-aged and older men with impaired glucose tolerance.

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Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore Veterans Affairs Medical Center, MD 21201, USA.


Aging is associated with an increased accumulation of abdominal fat, glucose intolerance, and insulin resistance. We tested the hypothesis that diet-induced weight loss would reduce the abdominal distribution of fat and improve glucose tolerance and insulin action in a group of obese middle-aged and older men with normal or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) were performed at baseline and after 9 months of diet-induced weight loss in 35 men (mean age, 60 +/- 8 years). Fifteen men of comparable age and degree of obesity who did not participate in the weight loss intervention served as controls. Subjects lost 9.0 +/- 2.0 kg (mean +/- SD) body weight (P < .001), resulting in a 19% reduction in percent body fat (30.0 +/- 4.0% to 24.0% +/- 4.0%, P < .001), an 8% reduction in waist circumference (104.0 +/- 7.0 to 96.0 +/- 7.0 cm, P < .001), and a 2% reduction in waist to hip ratio [WHR] (0.97 +/- 0.06 to 0.95 +/- 0.06, P < .01). Weight loss improved glucose tolerance: nine men with IGT at baseline reverted to normal glucose tolerance following the intervention. Glucose area during the OGTT was significantly reduced after weight loss (-22.0%, P < .001), while it increased in control subjects (+32%, P < .004). In multiple regression analysis, the improvement in glucose area following weight loss in these 35 men was attributed to the reduction in waist circumference (P < .01) and baseline glucose area (P < .05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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