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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1995 Jul;31(1-2):165-72.

Tyrosine kinase phosphorylation of GABAA receptors.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA.


Phosphorylation of purified bovine brain GABAA receptors by the tyrosine kinase, pp60v-src was examined. pp60v-src phosphorylated two bands of 54-62 kDa and 48-51 kDa that migrated to approximately the same position as bands recognized by antisera against the beta 2 and gamma 2 GABAA receptor subunits, respectively. Bacterially expressed proteins containing the putative large cytoplasmic loops of the beta 1 and gamma 2L subunits were phosphorylated by pp60v-src, indicating that the phosphorylation sites are located in these subunit domains. The tyrosine kinase inhibitors, genistein and the tyrphostins B-42 and B-44, inhibited muscimol-stimulated 36Cl- uptake in mouse brain membrane vesicles (microsacs). magnitude of the tyrphostin B-44-induced inhibition of muscimol-stimulated 36Cl- uptake was significantly reduced in microsacs that were lysed and resealed under conditions that inhibit phosphorylation. GABA-gated Cl- currents were also inhibited by genistein and tyrphostin B-44 in Xenopus oocytes expressing alpha 1 beta 1 and alpha 1 beta 1 gamma 2L subunits. Consequently, protein tyrosine kinase-dependent phosphorylation appears to be another mechanism of regulating the function of GABAA receptors.

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