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Lab Invest. 1995 Oct;73(4):476-82.

Identification of lysyl oxidase and other platelet-derived growth factor-inducible genes in vascular smooth muscle cells by differential screening.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Atherosclerosis and arterial injury are characterized by vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration and growth and an increase in synthesis of extracellular matrix. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) has been implicated in these processes. This study was designed to identify additional PDGF-regulated genes in VSMC.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

A cDNA library prepared from PDGF-stimulated rat aortic VSMC was screened by differential hybridization to identify clones representing PDGF-inducible genes. The time course of growth factor-induced changes in gene expression was examined by RNA blot hybridization. Assays of protein activity were also performed for selected gene products.

RESULTS:

Four PDGF-regulated cDNA clones were identified by DNA sequencing. These encoded the extracellular matrix proteins lysyl oxidase (LO), thrombospondin, and osteopontin and the intracellular enzyme lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Levels of mRNA corresponding to all four genes were low in quiescent VSMC and were markedly induced by PDGF, angiotensin II, and 10% calf serum. The regulation of LO and LDH mRNA by these agonists in VSMC has not been previously reported. LO enzymatic activity in the culture media was increased by approximately equals to 700% after exposure to PDGF. In contrast, LDH activity was not increased by PDGF treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

The induction of LO mRNA and its secretion by VSMC is an early event accompanying growth factor stimulation and may contribute to organization of the extracellular matrix.

PMID:
7474918
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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