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J Med Chem. 1995 Oct 27;38(22):4478-87.

The synthesis, structure-activity, and structure-side effect relationships of a series of 8-alkoxy- and 5-amino-8-alkoxyquinolone antibacterial agents.

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Parke-Davis Pharmaceutical Research, Division of Warner-Lambert Company, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105, USA.


A series of 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-8-alkoxy (8-methyoxy and 8-ethoxy)-quionoline-3-carboxylic acids and 1-cyclopropyl-5-amino-6-fluoro-8-alkoxyquinoline-3-carboxylic acids has been prepared and evaluated for antibacterial activity. In addition, they were also compared to quinolones with classic substitution at C8 (H, F, Cl) and the naphthyridine nucleus in a phototoxicity and mammalian cell cytotoxicity assay. The series of 8-methoxyquinolones had antibacterial activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and anaerobic bacteria equivalent to the most active 8-substituted compounds (8-F and 8-Cl). There was also a concomitant reduction in several of the potential side effects (i.e., phototoxicity and clonogenicity) compared to the most active quinolones with classic substitution at C-8. The 8-ethoxy derivatives had an even better safety profile but were significantly less active (2-3 dilutions) in the antibacterial assay.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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