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J Reprod Immunol. 1995 Mar;28(3):233-45.

Expression of endogenous HIV-1 crossreactive antigens within normal human extravillous trophoblast cells.

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Department of Microbiology/Immunology, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA.


Expression of intact endogenous retroviruses by normal placental villous trophoblast and immuno-crossreactivity of villous trophoblast with anti-retroviral antisera have been documented. The nature and/or potential function of these particles/proteins has not yet been fully defined. We previously reported that monoclonal antibodies directed against HIV-1 envelope and gag proteins react with normal human villous trophoblast. In this study, we report that extravillous trophoblast (EVT) from second- and third-trimester tissue are also cross-reactive with anti-HIV-1 gp120/160 and p17/18 antibodies. We document a differential expression of such cross-reactive epitopes between mononuclear EVT and placental bed giant cells. Mononuclear EVT principally displayed reactivity throughout the cytoplasm with little or no difference between cells, whereas placental bed giant cells displayed distinct localization of labeling to limited areas of cytoplasm. This pattern of reactivity apparently correlates with trophoblast morphological differentiation and with our earlier observations concerning villous trophoblast. These data illustrate that retrovirus-associated epitopes are expressed by trophoblast throughout the normal human placenta and that this distribution is related to morphologic differentiation of these cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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