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J Neurochem. 1981 Feb;36(2):683-7.

Concentrations of striatal catecholamines in rats given manganese chloride through drinking water.


Male albino rats were exposed to manganese through drinking solution containing MnCl2 . 4H2O (1 mg/ml) in water. The contents of catecholamines, homovanillic acid, manganese and the activity of monoamine oxidase (MAO) were measured in the corpus striatum at different time intervals up to a period of 360 days. The contents of tyrosine in the corpus striatum and serum were also estimated. Manganese treatment produced an initial increase in the contents of dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), homovanillic acid (HVA) and tyrosine in the corpus striatum. This was followed by a period when concentrations were almost normal (dopamine from 120 to 240 days, norepinephrine at 180 and 240 days and homovanillic acid at 240 days after manganese administration). Thereafter the contents of these substrates declined significantly at 300 and 360 days of treatment. However, these alterations were not correlated with the concentrations of manganese in this region, which gradually increased up to 240 days, and thereafter remained constant until the termination of the experiment. The underlying biochemical mechanisms of manganese-induced sequential changes in the striatal contents of catecholamines have been discussed in relation to the development of psychiatric and neurological phases of manganese poisoning.

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