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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1981 Feb;81(2):309-15.

Complete replacement of the ascending aorta with reimplantation of the coronary arteries: new surgical approach.


Thirty patients had total replacement of the ascending aorta with reimplantation of the coronary arteries, 20 for a fusiform aneurysm of the ascending aorta and 10 because of a dissection of the ascending aorta, of which there were acute. All had associated aortic insufficiency. The technique consists of implantation, within the aneurysmal sac, of a Dacron prosthesis containing a Björk-Shiley aortic valve. The coronary orifices are anastomosed to the tubular Dacron prosthesis by means of a second smaller Dacron tube. The aneurysmal pouch is then closed over the entire appliance and a fistula between the aneurysmal sac and the right atrial appendage is created to drain oozing from the prosthesis. The operative mortality was 10% (three deaths) and the late mortality has been 14.8% (four deaths). The deaths, early and late, have been confined to the first 10 cases, during which time the technique was being developed. There has been no mortality among the last 20 patients. The 23 survivors followed for an average of 19 1/2 months (range 6 months to 5 1/2 years) are in NYHA Functional Class I (21) or II (two). The technical modifications utilized in this series have simplified the operation and permit the proposal of this technique for aneurysm involving the entire ascending aorta.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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