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J Urol. 1980 Dec;124(6):833-9.

The varicocele syndrome: venography determining the optimal level for surgical management.


The results of a retrospective study of 67 patients with scrotal varicocele on the left side are presented. By means of preoperative venography of the renal, internal spermatic and common iliac veins 3 types of varicocele could be distinguished in which the cause arises in the internal spermatic vein and/or the varicocele is caused by obstruction of the common iliac vein. Use of routine preoperative venography is essential to establish the etiology of the varicocele and its proper management.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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