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Arch Neurol. 1980 Nov;37(11):723-6.

Increased ratio of carbidopa to levodopa in treatment of Parkinson's disease.

Abstract

A randomized, double-blind clinical trial was designed to compare two ratios of carbidopa to levodopa (10 mg of carbidopa to 100 mg of levodopa [Sinemet 10/100] and 20 mg of carbidopa to 100 mg of levodopa [Sinemet 20/100]) with levodopa (100 mg) alone. Twenty-nine male patients (46 to 78 years of age) with clinically definite idiopathic Parkinson's disease of mild to moderate severity were selected and hospitalized for the three-week period of the study. Medications being taken at time of entry were phased out during week 1. Fixed daily increments of medications were given during week 2, and adjusted during week 3 to achieve best clinical response with fewest side effects. Qualitative and quantitative examinations of neurologic function showed that upper extremity measurements of resting tremor, rigidity, and finger-tapping speed, and lower extremity measurements of foot coordination and tandem gait (both types of speed tests) showed significantly more improvement in patients receiving the 20:100 combination than in those receiving the 10:100 combination or levodopa alone. Adverse effects were similar and minimal in each of the three groups. Results indicate that increasing the amount of carbidopa from 10 to 20 mg per 100-mg dose of levodopa gives a greater therapeutic response in Parkinson's disease than does a 10:100 carbidopa-levodopa ratio or levodopa alone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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