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JAMA. 1980 Dec 5;244(22):2547-9.

Influenza vaccination of elderly persons. Reduction in pneumonia and influenza hospitalizations and deaths.


Effectiveness of influenza vaccination in reducing pneumonia and influenza hospitalizations and deaths among elderly members of a prepaid health plan was analyzed retrospectively. Two epidemics caused by the H3N2 subtype of type A influenza were studied. Vaccine derived from the H2N2 subtype of influenza A virus failed to protect against the Hong Kong (H3N2) virus during the 1968-1969 epidemic. Vaccine derived from the A/Hong Kong/68 (H3N2) virus yielded an estimated 72% (31% to 100%) reduction in hospitalization and 87% (52% to 100%) reduction in mortality during the 1972-1973 epidemic caused by A/England/72 (H3N2). These findings are consistent with those reported in vaccinated young persons, and hence it appears they may be broadly generalized.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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