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Br J Exp Pathol. 1980 Jun;61(3):291-5.

Experimental infection of the marmoset genital tract with Chlamydia trachomatis.


A strain of Chlamydia trachomatis isolated in McCoy cells from the urethra of a patient suffering from non-gonococcal urethritis was inoculated into the vagina of 8 female marmosets. Chlamydiae were isolated repeatedly for 10-42 days from the lower genital tract of 7 of the marmosets. Six of the infected animals developed an acute inflammatory reaction in the genital tract and chlamydial inclusions in epithelial cells were seen in smears from 2 of them. In addition, each of 6 infected marmosets examined developed humoral antibodies to C. trachomatis. In contrast, 3 control animals inoculated intravaginally with chlamydia-free McCoy cells showed no evidence of chlamydial infection. Since the marmoset is small and easily bred in captivity, it should provide a useful model for studying the mechanisms of chlamydial pathogenicity.

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