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Steroids. 1980 Jul;36(1):1-11.

Comparative properties of the catechol estrogens, I: methylation by catechol-O-methyltransferase and binding to cytosol estrogen receptors.


Five catechol estrogens and two 2-methoxyestrogens were compared for their relative affinity of binding to hypothalamic, pituitary, and uterine cytosol estrogen receptors; and for the kinetics of the catechols' methylation by hepatic catechol-0-methyltransferase. All of the catechol estrogens tested have similar Km's for 0-methylation (9-14 muM). Estrogen receptor affinities, however, differ widely. In hypothalamus, for example, where estradiol-17 beta has a Kd of 0.039 +/- 0.008 nanomolar, 4-hydroxyestradiol also binds tightly (0.12 +/- 0.02 nM), 2-hydroxyestradiol and 4-hydroxyestrone with intermediate affinity (0.26 +/- 0.06 and 0.28 +/- 0.07 nM, respectively), and 2-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol much less well (1.68 +/- 0.79 and 1.27 +/- 0.26 nM, respectively). The binding of the 2-methoxyestrogens is extremely weak. These receptor affinities roughly parallel the potencies of these compounds in altering gonadotropin secretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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