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Hear Res. 1980 Jun;2(3-4):207-12.

Nonlinear aspects of infrasonic pressure transfer into the perilymph.


The perilymphatic pressure was studied in response to various low frequency pressure changes in the ear canal. The pressure transfer was analysed and found to be nonlinear in many aspects. The pressure response was found to contain two time constants representing the inner ear pressure regulating mechanisms. The time constants showed an asymmetry in response to positive and negative going inputs--the effects to some extent proportional to input levels. Further nonlinearities were found when infrasonic sine waves were applied to the ear. Harmonic distortion and modulation appeared. When short bursts of infrasound were introduced a clear d.c. shift was observed as a consequence of an asymmetry in the response to positive and negative going pressure inputs. A temporary change in mean perilymphatic pressure was thus achieved and continued throughout the duration of the signal. At very low frequencies a distinct phase shift was detected in the sine waves. This appeared as a phase lead, breaking the continuity of the output sine wave.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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