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Eur J Biochem. 1980 Aug;109(2):561-6.

Interactions of prostaglandin H2 and thromboxane A2 with human serum albumin.


The present report describes the interactions of human plasma proteins with the unstable endoperoxide, prostaglandin H2 and thromboxane A2, generated by incubation of platelets with prostaglandin H2 or arachidonic acid. It was found that both compounds reacted very rapidly with plasma proteins to form covalently bound derivatives. The major reacting plasma protein was human serum albumin. Depending on conditions, 20-40% of added prostaglandin H2 and 50-80% of generated thromboxane were bound to proteins. This reaction of both prostaglandin H2 and thromboxane A2 prevents their detection by classical analytical methods. The protein binding of thromboxane was more pH-sensitive than the binding of prostaglandin H2. The reactions cause reduced levels of both endoperoxide and thromboxane B2 in suspensions of washed platelets using human serum albumin as compared to buffer. It was also shown that the half-life of prostaglandin H2 was considerably reduced in the presence of albumin.

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