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Am J Physiol. 1980 Aug;239(2):H206-11.

Effects of tyrosine infusion in normotensive and hypertensive rats.


To clarify further the action of acute administration of L-tyrosine in lowering blood pressure, L-tyrosine ethylester was infused intravenously into awake [deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt] hypertensive rats, two-kidney Goldblatt hypertensive rats, and normotensive rats. The effects of tyrosine were measured on arterial pressure, heart rate, plasma catecholamine levels, and plasma renin activity. Blood pressure and heart rate were lowered in all groups despite significant elevation of plasma dopamine in all groups and epinephrine in the hypertensive groups, norepinephrine did not rise significantly, and plasma renin activity was always found to be within the ranges expected for each model. It was concluded that tyrosine produced the progressive decline in blood pressure and heart rate by bringing about a sustained state of parasympathetic dominance, as effective sympathetic compensation did not occcur. This could be attributed to increased alpha-adrenergic activity in certain sites in brain secondary to increased catecholaminergic activity in these areas.

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