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Cell. 1980 Jun;20(2):353-62.

A secreted glycoprotein induced by estrogen in human breast cancer cell lines.


Estrogen induces the synthesis of a glycoprotein of molecular weight 46,000 daltons in three estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cell lines (MCF7, ZR75 and T47D), but not in an estrogen receptor-negative cell line (BT 20) or a nonmalignant cell line (HBL 100). The 46K protein, which accounts for 40% of 35S-methionine incorporation into secreted proteins, is only induced by steroids able to interact with the estrogen receptor. The anti-estrogens tamoxifen and hydroxytamoxifen, which by themselves were inactive, suppressed the induction of this protein by estradiol. In MCF7 cells, estradiol also induces three intracellular proteins which are resolved in two-dimensional electrophoresis. The induction of the 46K secreted protein(s) makes these cell lines excellent in vitro systems for studying the mechanism of estrogen and anti-estrogen action. This protein may also be a useful probe for studying the action of estrogen on breast cancer growth, and may be a useful marker for predicting the hormonal responsiveness of breast cancer in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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