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Br J Physiol Opt. 1978;32:78-93.

The refraction of the eye in the relation to spherical aberration and pupil size.

Abstract

Available theoretical and experimental data on the dependence of the subjective refraction of the eye on spherical aberration and pupil size are reviewed and additional experimental results are presented. Under photopic conditions, refraction varies little (similar to 0.3 DS) with pupil diameter, even when substantial amounts of spherical aberration are present (similar to 1.0 DS). It is argued that this result may be attributed to the insensitivity of optimal focus to spherical aberration at the spatial frequencies involved in photopic refraction, to the Stiles-Crawford effect and to the influence of aberrations other than primary spherical aberration in the outer zones of the pupil. The signficance of these findings is indicated in relation to possible discrepancies between the results of objective and subjective refractions when large pupils are in use.

PMID:
737383
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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