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Am J Med. 1980 Mar;68(3):389-94.

Intracavitary amphotereicin B in the treatment of symptomatic pulmonary aspergillomas.


The optimal treatment of pulmonary aspergillomas is not established. Surgical resection is often impossible because of severe, underlying pulmonary impairment, and medical treatment has given negative or inconclusive results. Six patients with symptomatic pulmonary aspergillomas were treated with percutaneous instillation of intracavitary amphotericin B. Four patients who received the full course of therapy showed improvement and stabilization or reversal of progressive roentgenographic changes. Also, follow-up serologic studies of Aspergillus spp. precipitins were obtained in three and were negative. One patient did not tolerate this treatment because of repeated systemic reactions. Another patient did not respond clinically or roentgenographically. Intracavitary amphotericin B therapy should be considered in patients with symptomatic pulmonary aspergilloma, particularly when surgical resection is not feasible.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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