Send to

Choose Destination
Biochemistry. 1981 Dec 22;20(26):7333-8.

1-[4-(Trimethylamino)phenyl]-6-phenylhexa-1,3,5-triene: synthesis, fluorescence properties, and use as a fluorescence probe of lipid bilayers.


1-[4-(Trimethylamino)phenyl]-6-phenylhexa-1,3,5-triene (TMA-DPH), a cationic analogue of diphenylhexatriene (DPH), has photophysical properties that are generally similar to those of DPH. In solution the fluorescence lifetime (tau) of TMA-DPH is short (less than 1.5 ns), but tau increases to approximately 7 ns when the probe is embedded in lipid bilayers at temperatures less than the thermal transition temperature (Tc) of the lipid. The cationic charge ensures that the probe is anchored at the lipid-water interface, most likely with the DPH moiety intercalated between the upper portions of the fatty acyl chains. The profiles of changes in steady-state anisotropies (rss) and limiting hindered anisotropies (r infinity) are similar for both TMA-DPH and DPH embedded in lipid bilayers, but r infinity values for TMA-DPH even at T much greater than Tc are generally greater than 0.14, e.g., at 35 degrees C in 1,2-dimyristoylglycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) (cf. 0.03 for DPH in DMPC at 35 degrees C). Electrostatic interactions of the cationic probe with head groups of phospholipids do not appear to significantly influence the apparent dynamics of the probe. TMA-DPH should prove useful in the study of the dynamics of phospholipid monolayers, e.g., in native or reconstituted lipoproteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center