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Int J Cancer. 1981 Nov 15;28(5):583-9.

Phenotypic changes of human neuroblastoma cells in culture induced by 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate.


SK-N-SH and SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells treated by 12-)-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate(TPA) express morphological and biochemical changes, which indicate that differentiation towards more mature cells has occurred. The most prominent morphological changes were the development in 40-60% of the cells of cell-surface projections longer than 50 micrometers and cytoplasmic neurosecretory granules demonstrated by electron microscopy. At the biochemical level, TPA induced a two-fold increase in the relative activity of neuron-specific enolase and 30- to 40-fold increase in noradrenaline and adrenaline concentrations. A decrease in proliferation rate of TPA-treated cells was observed. The biological effects of TPA were slightly potentiated by nerve growth factor.

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