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Am J Cardiol. 1981 Nov;48(5):877-86.

Muscular ventricular septal defects repaired with left ventriculotomy.


Between 1974 and 1979 nine patients, aged 10 months to 4 years, underwent left ventriculotomy for closure of single or multiple defects in the muscular ventricular septum. The vertical incision paralleled the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery near the apex of the left ventricle and ranged from 2.5 to 3.5 cm in length. Four patients also had a right ventriculotomy with closure of a high perimembranous ventricular defect in two. Serial electrocardiograms indicated changes of myocardial ischemia or necrosis. Left bundle branch block did not develop in any patient. Three patients died in the early postoperative period. The six surviving patients are living and well 2 to 7 years later. There is apparent complete closure of the ventricular defects, which was documented by cardiac catheterization in four cases. Two patients had cardiomegaly and left ventricular dysfunction as assessed with echocardiographic and angiographic study, whereas four displayed good cardiac function. In three of the latter patients, cardioplegia or deep hypothermia techniques were utilized intraoperatively. The observations indicate that left ventriculotomy of limited size is an acceptable approach to the difficult problem of repair of muscular ventricular defects but may involve some risk of compromise of the coronary circulation.

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