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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1981 Nov;53(5):978-84.

Kinetic studies of thyroxine, 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine, 3,3,5'-triiodothyronine, 3',5'-diiodothyronine, 3,3'-diiodothyronine, and 3'-monoiodothyronine in patients with liver cirrhosis.


Turnover studies of T4, T3, rT3, 3',5'-diiodothyronine (3',5'-T2), 3,3'-diiodothyronine (3,3'-T2), and 3'-monoiodothyronine (3'-T1) were performed in 10 patients with alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver and 9 euthyroid, healthy controls using the single injection, noncompartmental approach. The kinetics of all 6 iodothyronines were studied in the same individuals. A newly developed, simple and reproducible gel separation technique, followed by antibody extraction, was used for the quantitation of tracer in serum. Serum T4, T3, and 3,3'-T2 levels were reduced in patients with liver cirrhosis, whereas serum rT3 and 3',5'-T2 levels were increased, Serum 3'-T1 levels were unaltered. A general tendency toward reduced MCRs was observed. The following median MCRs (liters per day per 70 kg BW) were found (cirrhotics vs. controls): T4, 1.13 vs. 1.19 (P = NS); T3, 16 vs. 20 (P less than 0.05); rT3, 81 vs. 147 (P less than 0.01); 3',5'-T2, 131 vs. 279 (P less than 0.01); 3,3'-T2, 533 vs. 1116 (P less than 0.01); and 3'-T1, 375 vs. 539 (P less than 0.05). The production rates (nanomoles per day per 70 kg BW) of T4, rT3, and 3,'5'-T2 were not significantly altered in patients with cirrhosis (cirrhotics vs. controls): 100 vs. 117, 47.5 vs. 52.0, and 14.5 vs. 13.9, respectively. In contrast, the following pronounced reductions in production rates of T3, 3,3'-T2, and 3'-T1 were found: 19.1 vs. 38.8 (P less than 0.01), 13.2 vs. 36.8 (P less than 0.01), and 15.7 vs. 28.6 (P less than 0.05), respectively. Assuming that thyroidal secretion contributes little rT3 and 3',5'-T2, the conversion rates from T4 to rT3 and further to 3',5'-T2 were calculated and found to be unaffected in patients with liver cirrhosis (48% vs. 34% in controls and 34% vs. 26% in controls, respectively). No tendency toward major changes in the activity of the nondeiodinative metabolic pathways was observed. In conclusion, our data show that liver cirrhosis profoundly changes the kinetics of all iodothyronines studied. Further, the 5-deiodination of T4 and rT3 is unaffected in patients with liver cirrhosis. In contrast, a general inhibition of the 5'-deiodinations seems to exist in patients with liver cirrhosis. Thus, our data are compatible with the existence of a common 5-deiodinase and a common 5'-deiodinase for the sequential deiodination of the iodothyronines in man.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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