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Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex. 1981 Jan-Feb;38(1):103-10.

[Meningitis caused by Salmonella].

[Article in Spanish]


The clinical and laboratory characteristics of eleven cases of bacterial meningitis due to Salmonella, are reviewed. Meningitis was more common in children under the age of 13 months. In younger children the symptoms and neurological signs were not evident. Convulsive disorders and neurological coma were the most frequent complications in 4 and 5 cases respectively. The mortality ratio was high, 36% (4 patients) and the neurological sequelae were very important: two patients presented spastic paralytic alterations and other two had hydrocephalia. The main findings in the cerebral spinal fluid were: increased leukocytes and proteins with low glucose determinations; comparing with other purulent meningitis, mononuclear cells were predominant over polymorphonuclear cells in 7 cases (64%). Salmonella was isolated in all cases; Salmonella typhi was recovered in 3 cases; one had group "C" Salmonella and 7 cases Salmonella group "B". These cases were treated with either chloramphenicol or ampicillin.

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