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Pediatrics. 1981 Sep;68(3):420-1.

Chlamydia trachomatis infection in infant delivered by cesarean section.


Neonatal Chlamydia trachomatis infection is thought to be acquired as a result of contact with infected cervical secretions during vaginal delivery. An infant, delivered by cesarean section, who was infected with C trachomatis has been described. At 31 days of age he had conjunctivitis and respiratory distress. Nasopharyngeal aspirate grew C trachomatis and serum IgM antibody titer was 1:32 for serotype J. The patient's mother had serum IgG antibody against C trachomatis serotype J. Her cervical culture was negative for Chlamydia; however, cultures were not taken until two months after delivery and she had received antibiotics for postpartum fever and abdominal pain. The literature has been reviewed and possible modes of transmission have been discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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