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J Biol Chem. 1981 Oct 10;256(19):9809-12.

Inactivation of general acyl-CoA dehydrogenase from pig kidney by a metabolite of hypoglycin A.


Pig kidney general acyl-CoA dehydrogenase is irreversibly inactivated by methylenecyclopropylacetyl-CoA, a metabolite of the hypoglycemic amino acid hypoglycin from Blighia sapida, to less that 2% of native activity. Octanoyl-CoA affords strong protection against this inhibition. During inactivation, about 80% of the enzyme FAD is covalently and irreversibly modified with the residual inhibition possibly resulting from modification of the protein. Denaturation of the inactivated enzyme yields several modified flavin derivatives in addition to about 20% unmodified FAD. From spectral comparison, the structure of one of these species is tentatively assigned to a derivative of 4a,5-dihydroflavin, while two further products resemble 6-, and 8-substituted flavins. These results suggest that methylenecyclopropylacetyl-CoA (and consequently the methylenecyclopropylmethano moiety of hypoglycin) be considered "suicide" substrates.

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