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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1981 Sep;30(3):311-6.

Digoxin-verapamil interaction.


To explore a possible interaction between digoxin and verapamil, a single-dose kinetic study of digoxin was performed and then repeated after 10 days of verapamil treatment in eight healthy subjects. Verapamil diminished the apparent central distribution volume of digoxin from 0.83 +/- 0.25 to 0.64 +2- 0.17 l/kg (P less than 0.05) and reduced total body clearance of digoxin from 3.28 +/- 0.58 to 2.15 +/- 0.66 ml/min/kg (P less than 0.001) by impairing both renal and extrarenal clearance. Biological digoxin half-life rose from 38.6 +/- 8.5 to 50.5 +/- 8.3 hr (P less than 0.005). Reduction of renal clearance of digoxin may be due to inhibition of tubular secretion. The underlying mechanisms of extrarenal interaction are not known, but impaired hepatic degradation of digoxin induced by verapamil should be considered.

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