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Can J Biochem. 1981 May;59(5):361-70.

Inhibition of microtubule polymerization by the tubulin-colchicine complex: inhibition of spontaneous assembly.

Abstract

The inhibition of microtubule polymerization by colchicine requires the formation of tubulin-colchicine complexes, and inhibition of polymerization is proportional to the concentration of tubulin-colchicine complexes rather than to the total concentration of colchicine. Because the formation of such complexes is slow relative to polymerization, the kinetics of complex formation obscure the kinetics of inhibition of polymerization. We have taken defined quantities of preformed tubulin-colchicine complexes, relying on their slow dissociation, and added these to microtubule protein, which was allowed to polymerize by temperature shift to 37 degrees C. The degree of polymerization was then determined by measurement of turbidity at 400 nm. An appropriate kinetic analysis allowed us to distinguish effects of inhibitor on initiation and elongation phase of polymerization, without resorting to the use of initiation inhibitors. The results are consistent with a reversible association of tubulin-colchicine complex with microtubule ends blocking further elongation (K1 = 0.16 micro M). Steady-state measurements suggest that copolymerization of tubulin-colchicine complex is a minor factor under the conditions used. By contrast, little inhibition of initiation was observed, possibly because tubulin-colchicine complex competes with the tubulin dimer, but not with the larger oligomers required for the initiation process.

PMID:
7260726
DOI:
10.1139/o81-050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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