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Regul Pept. 1981 Jan;1(4):271-7.

Role of the duodenum in motilin release.


In order to study the regulatory mechanism of motilin release, plasma motilin was measured in healthy dogs during the fasting state and after the ingestion of ordinary nutrient. Fasting plasma motilin levels were found to fluctuate intermittently, but ingestion of a meal completely abolished the intermittent motilin release and resulted in low motilin levels lasting for 6-8 h. To clarify the role of the duodenum in this motilin release, an operation was performed in five dogs by which we excluded from the alimentary tract the upper half of the small intestine not including the duodenum from a point 2 cm below the larger pancreatic duct. After this operation meal ingestion still caused a decrease in plasma motilin levels. However, after a modified version of the operation was performed in 5 other dogs by which the upper half of the small intestine together with the duodenum was transected at the pyloric ring, plasma motilin was not suppressed by meal ingestion. The results suggest that motilin secretion is regulated by nutrieht ingestion and that the passage of nutrients through the duodenum plays an important role in its regulation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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