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Br J Cancer. 1981 May;43(5):689-95.

Characteristics of 106 spontaneous mammary tumours appearing in Sprague-Dawley female rats.


Pathological studies were undertaken on 106 mammary tumours (89 benign, 17 malignant) appearing spontaneously in 95 normal female Sprague-Dawley rats which were killed at Day 756. The benign tumours comprised those with a predominant acinar hyperplasia and those with adenomatous or fibroadenomatous pattern. No significant differences were found histochemically between the acinar cells of the benign tumours and of the lactating gland, except that the amount of fibrous interstitial connective tissue was larger in the former. 3H- or 35S-glycosaminoglycan synthesis by the benign tumours was found to be much higher. The prolactin value in the plasma of the benign-tumour-bearing rats was about 27 times that of 6-month-old virgin rats, and similar to that of rats on the 7th day post partum. Carcinomatous proliferation of tubuloacinar cells could be seen in 5 of the 89 benign tumours. The incidence of benign tumours increases with the age of the rats.

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