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J Membr Biol. 1981 Apr 30;59(3):173-7.

The conventional short-circuiting technique under-short-circuits most epithelia.

Abstract

The relationships among ion current, membrane potential difference, and resistance of an epithelium are studied. The short-circuit technique introduced by Ussing and Zerahn does not completely short circuit the epithelium if the series resistance parallel to the cell layer between the voltage electrodes is not properly compensated. The residual potential difference across the epithelial cell layer in the "short-circuit state" is proportional to both the measured short-circuited small intestinal mucosa the villus and crypt areas are hypo-polarized to different degrees rather than simultaneously hyper- and hypo-polarized. Short-circuiting the whole tissue reduces but does not abolish the passive net ion movement across the tissue. Measurements of the electrical properties of the whole and denuded rat distal small intestine in HCO3-Ringer solution containing 10 mM glucose reveal that the measured short-circuit current has under-estimated approximately 33% of the true short-circuit current and that the passive net Na flux from serosa to mucosa and Cl flux from mucosa to serosa are not negligible in the "short circuit state."

PMID:
7241580
DOI:
10.1007/bf01875423
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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