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Biochem J. 1980 Nov 15;192(2):403-10.

Tryptophan pyrrolase in haem regulation. Experiments with administered haematin and the relationship between the haem saturation of tryptophan pyrrolase and the activity of 5-aminolaevulinate synthase in rat liver.


1. Administration of haematin to rats decreases 5-aminolaevulinate synthase activity in whole liver homogenates. 2. An inverse relationship between this decrease and the increase in saturation of apo-(tryptophan pyrrolase) with haem is observed during the initial phase of treatment with haematin. 3. Significant changes in both functions are caused by a 1 mg/kg dose of haematin, whereas the maximum effects are achieved by the 5 mg/kg dose. 4. Prevention by allopurinol of the conjugation of exogenously administered haematin with apo-(tryptophan pyrrolase) renders this haem available for further repression of 5 aminolaevulinate synthase. 5. The various aspects of the relationship between synthase activity and the haem saturation of tryptophan pyrrolase are discussed.

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