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J Med Virol. 1980;6(3):203-11.

Antibody reactive in antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity following influenza virus vaccination.


The antibody reactive in antibody-dependent, cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) to influenza virus-infected cells was measured in two groups of seven volunteers each, before and after immunization with inactivated or live attenuated A/Victoria/3/75 influenza virus vaccines. Age-matched controls were seven adult individuals who experienced natural influenza infection due to A/Victoria/3/75-like virus strain. After inactivated whole influenza virus immunization all the subjects showed a significant rise of the antibody reactive in ADCC (from a mean value of 4.7% to 17.1% cytotoxicity, before and 5 weeks after immunization, respectively) as well as of hemagglutination inhibition (HI) antibody (fourfold or greater increase). These immune responses were similar to those observed among naturally infected controls. After live attenuated virus vaccination, no significant increase in titer of antibody reactive in ADCC was detected, even though the vaccine induced significant increase of HI antibody titer. Little correlation was found between ADCC and HI antibody rises in sera of recipients of inactivated virus vaccine and of naturally infected individuals while, in live attenuated influenza virus vaccines, the rise of HI antibody titer did not correspond to a significant increase of ADCC antibody titer did not show subjects who developed a significant rise in ADCC antibody titer did not show significant variation in antibody to neuraminidase and/or to complement fixation influenza virus antigens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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