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J Biol Chem. 1978 Dec 25;253(24):8728-35.

Adenylate deaminase. Kinetic and binding studies on the rabbit muscle enzyme.


Kinetic studies with adenylate deaminase have been performed by stopped flow methods at 20 degrees C in 0.01 M imidazole/HCl, pH 6.5. The data were analyzed using either the whole time course of the reaction or the initial portion of the full time course. At low KCl concentrations, activation by the product IMP complicates any interpretation. In the presence of 0.15 M KCl, the results are interpreted in terms of three types of purine nucleotide binding sites: an active site, an inhibitory site which appears to be relatively specific for nucleoside triphosphates, and an activating site which shows relatively little specificity for nucleoside phosphates. Nucleotide binding to the activating site weakens binding to the inhibitory site. Sigmoidal kinetic data observed as a function of AMP in the presence of the inhibitor GTP are interpreted in terms of AMP binding to the activating site and weakening GTP binding. A fragment of myosin, subfragement-2, which has previously been shown to form a tight complex with adenylate deaminase (Ashby, B., and Frieden, C. (1977) J. Biol. Chem. 252, 1869--1875) activates the deaminase reaction only slightly. Complex formation, however, makes the reaction less susceptible to inhibition by GTP, although high levels of this nucleotide will disrupt the complex. In the presence of GTP or GTP plus subfragment-2, hysteretic effects are observed.

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