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Cancer Res. 1981 May;41(5):1958-66.

Urinary bladder tumors induced by N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine in dogs.


Clinicopathological, radiological, and histological studies were performed on urinary bladder neoplasia induced by N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine (BBN) in five adult beagle dogs and in ten adult mongrel dogs. Tumors of the urinary bladder developed in dogs given various daily doses of BBN p.o. for different periods. The latent period of tumor induction was 4 years in dogs receiving a daily dose of 80 mg of BBN, 2 to 2.5 years in dogs receiving a daily dose of 160 mg of BBN, and 1.5 years in dogs receiving a daily dose of 240 mg of BBN. The total dose of BBN ingested by the dogs until the first tumors were observed by urological examinations was nearly the same in all groups, 100 to 140 g. These results suggest that there is a correlation between dose and induction time, but further dose-response studies are required. Histologically, tumors of the urinary bladder were transitional cell papillomas or transitional cell carcinomas resembling morphologically those found in human cases. It is possible to observe the process of development of urinary bladder tumors from initial lesions to invasive tumors using routine urological examinations. We believe that this experimental model is valuable for clinicopathological studies of urinary bladder tumors.

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