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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1981 Feb 13;657(2):313-20.

Preliminary characterization of ferrichrome synthetase from Aspergillus quadricinctus.


An enzyme synthesizing the cyclic hexapeptide, ferrichrome, was partially purified from extracts of Aspergillus quadricinctus by fractional (NH4)2SO4 precipitation and Bio-Gel A 1.5 m filtration. About a 20-fold purification was achieved. The enzyme system incorporated delta-N-acetyl-delta-N-hydroxyornithine into ferrichrome and catalyzed ATP-PP1 exchange reactions, dependent on the constituent amino acids, glycine and delta-N-acetyl-delta-N-hydroxyornithine, in the presence of Mg2+. The optimal temperature was 27 degrees C. Km values were 3.1 . 10(-4) M for glycine and 5.3 . 10(-6) M for delta-N-acetyl-delta-N-hydroxyornithine. Both Km values were significantly lowered in the presence of 1 . 10(-6) M Fe3+. From the inhibition experiments it is concluded that sulfhydryl groups of the enzyme are involved. Both monomers are covalently bound to the enzyme in the course of the reaction. A molecular weight of 1.1 . 10(6) was determined by gel filtration. As the partially purified protein fraction also catalyzed transacetylation of hydroxyornithine from acetyl CoA, the peptide synthesizing activity may be part of a multienzyme complex. No ferrichrome synthetase activity can be found when the fungus is grown in the presence of 1. 10(-5) M Fe3+.

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