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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1981 Apr;67(4):253-62.

Nonallergic rhinitis with eosinophilia (NARES syndrome). Clinical and immunologic presentation.


Fifty-two patients with perennial nasal symptoms of sneezing paroxysms, profuse watery rhinorrhea, and pruritus of the nasopharyngeal mucosa in an "on-again-off-again" symptomatic pattern have been clinically and immunologically characterized. Historically, age at onset of symptoms showed equal distribution from the first through the fifth decades, and the duration of symptoms at diagnosis ranged from 3 mo to 40 yr (mean 9 yr). Trigger factors associated by the 52 patients with the acute onset of nasal symptoms were none or unknown in 22 (42%), weather changes in 16 (31%), odors in eight (15%), and noxious or irritating substances in six (12%). No patients had a history or physical examination consistent with nasal polyposis, bronchial asthma, current sinusitis, nor otitis media. Fifty percent had a negative family history for either chronic rhinitis or bronchial asthma. Nasal secretion smears revealed marked eosinophilia during symptomatic periods. Intradermal skin tests were negative in 49 patients. Serum radioallergosorbent test (RAST) confirmed immediate hypersensitivity skin tests in two of the three patients with positive skin tests. Mean total eosinophil count was 218/mm3. Quantitative immunoglobulins were normal in all patients. Mean serum IgE was 74 IU/ml. Methacholine bronchial challenge was negative in 37 of 37 patients tested. An open aspirin challenge was negative in 13 of 13 patients tested. Spontaneously collected nasal secretions or 0.9% saline nasal washes were analyzed for percent eosinophils, total protein, IgG, IgA, IgE, and RAST to six perennial aeroallergens in 31 of the 52 patients. Neither elevated total IgE nor evidence of specific IgE was found in the study patients' nasal secretions. This report describes 52 patients with symptoms similar to those seen in perennial allergic rhinitis. A characteristic pattern of symptomatic presentation and a paucity of the in vivo and in vitro findings associated with IgE-mediated nasal disease distinguishes this homogeneous disorder from perennial allergic rhinitis.

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